Java or PHP- Learning Purpose: Learning a new programming language? Which one to learn? Is it hard to decide?
php vs java

We all witness 2020-21; it has seen all-time low economies. To exist in the market, every business today has to opt for the online model. Here comes the need for a website which is the medium through which the transactions are made. Java and PHP are the two platforms that are being used for website development. Choose between JAVA and PHP is a tough task. Both have their positives and negatives. Opting between these frameworks depends on the user requirements. Undoubtedly, It is also hard for beginners and developers to choose both programming languages to learn web development. 

Let’s go through a high-level overview to understand the working patterns of these two languages.

Overview of Java        

Java is a widely-used programming language that can develop both web and mobile applications. It is an object-oriented language. It is flexible and can be used on multiple platforms. This means it is of the typewrite once and runs anywhere (WORA). It has better-debugging tools and a rich set of application interfaces as compared to other languages. It also provides a secure environment and upgraded concurrency tools, making it suitable for scientific applications. It is stable and handles large projects.

With Java, the code is first compiled, which gets converted into an intermediate code for the OS it is running on. This process first converts the program into portable code, which is also called bytecode. As a next step, this mobile code (p-code or bytecode) is converted into machine language.JVM is a bridge between the source code and the binary instructions. Any device which has JVM installed can run Java code.

Java is used for Android apps, Big Data Analytics, and server-side technologies like Apache, JBoss, etc. Big names using Java programming language are Amazon, Uber, Instagram, LinkedIn, etc.

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Overview of PHP

PHP is a term used for “Hypertext Pre-processor.” PHP is a server-side scripting language. It is embedded in HTML and can be used to customize web developments. PHP scripts are used in areas like web application development, writing desktop applications, and command-line. Content Management Systems (CMS) is software used to manage the creation and modification of digital content. PHP has played a key role in the foundation of CMS. Today many web pages, web applications, and web servers run on PHP code. 

PHP is an open-source scripting tool that can be used with all major operating systems like macOS, Linux, Microsoft Windows, etc. PHP is used to build a small or medium-sized application compatible with software like Linux, Apache, or MySQL. Developing web pages with PHP is fast and highly productive. Many companies are using PHP applications like Facebook, Wikipedia, Yahoo, and many more.

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Now let’s have a look at their characteristics that make them different, PHP VS JAVA:

Java or PHP- Learning Purpose: Learning a new programming language? Which one to learn? Is it hard to decide? 

  1. Learning a new programming language is never so easy. It is easier for developers to read and write codes in Java. Suppose you have worked with C or C++, then you will have no problems in learning Java. Once you get acquainted with the syntax, you will code effortlessly. If you’re familiar with the code concept, it is easy to write even an enterprise application. As compared to PHP, Java uses less complicated syntaxes with minimum symbols making it easier for developers to read and write codes.

  2. Performance and Speed: Speed & performance matters most when it comes to business. Java applications execute faster than PHP applications. If you are new in web development, then remember that many people access the applications made. Therefore performance and speed play a vital role. As per the statistics considering complex and large applications, Java execution is faster than PHP.

  3. Dynamically typed Vs. Statically typed: Java is statically typed. This approach helps detect errors in the early stages of the program, which is the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) process. At the same time, PHP is a dynamically typed language.

  4. Concurrency: The ability of a language to execute different tasks/processes parallelly or at the same time is known as Concurrency. Performing more than one task or function concurrently is called Multithreading. Java is known for its multithreading capabilities. It uses multiple threads to perform tasks in parallel. Although PHP programmers don’t use parallelism frequently at times, using Concurrency can bring beneficial results.

5. Making Enterprise applications: When enterprise web pages are made via PHP, they work reasonably and occupy less memory. But Java is relatively faster as it uses various threads to manage and process the application. PHP and Java are the platforms available at free and paid licenses, respectively. As per the experienced programmers, PHP is better for small-scale applications, whereas Java is better for larger enterprise applications. Java programs can connect with many other systems like peer-web-services, databases, mainframe back-ends, and databases. With the help of its supporting tools, one more added advantage is that Java-made Frameworks are well-documented and more comfortable to install. With Java, the testing process is also comparatively easier.

6. Java or PHP to Develop Enterprise Mobile Application:

Java is characteristically WORA (Write Once Run Anywhere). It means, applications developed using Java code can be executed on any other Java-enabled system. The credit here goes to JVM. Java Code converts into bytecode, and JVM interprets the code.

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We can say Java code executes on any machine that has JVM (Java Virtual Machine). Therefore, Java is used to build applications for different business requirements. These may be web applications, Android applications, applications based on IoT, and more. With the popularity of smartphones, there is also an increase in mobile enterprise applications. Java is more reliable to solve the purpose. Developing mobile applications with PHP may require different frameworks, which will make them cumbersome and difficult to maintain.

7. Secure Platform:

While building a web application, the first and foremost concern is security. Applications developed are always susceptible to be hit by malware attacks. One word, “no compromises on security.” Java handles Security concerns in a better way. PHP and Java are both popular for web application development languages. But PHP loses to Java as it lacks some of the in-built security features. Developers have to rely on external frameworks for a secured platform. Java language is ahead of other languages, including PHP. Java security features are the main objects that make it the preferred choice for developing enterprise-level applications. The latest Java version has more enhancements on the security part. This offers end-to-end security to the developed applications.

8. Primary available language tools:

Both PHP and Java are quite old programming languages and are widely used. Each of them has many tools, frameworks, and libraries. But here as well, Java is a bit ahead of PHP. Java is accommodated with better debugging tools and richer sets of API. Java helps with a lot of IDEs like Eclipse and Netbeans. Software developers use these features to develop the application. It also contains Notepad ++, Editors, and text editor as editing tools. The latest version of Java is equipped for complex systems of enterprises. It has the functionality of integrating with many external and third-party platforms. Java incorporates several packaging tools, which include Maven, ANT, Web Start, Editors. This helps with real-time web development. In PHP, only files are used, and there is no packaging concept here. 

9. Reflection Concept:

Java has reflection concepts like Repetitive Class, Abstract Class, Interface, or methods concepts from the initial days. Although PHP doesn’t have this kind of concept from starting with PHP advance version, some of the same concepts are not as advanced as one provided by Java.

10. Cost of development: 

These days it is preferable to have less expensive software    

development. PHP is an open-source programming language. PHP web development companies can develop any code without paying any license fee. Programmers are free to use the PHP framework to build enterprise applications, and they can also customize the regulations according to the need of the business. However, it entirely depends on the organization to choose the web development language as per its requirements. Large-scale applications are more comfortable with Java as it provides the tools for hassle-free editing, debugging, and well-constructed applications. In Java, there are many editions for development like SE and EE for enterprise application development. But all these are at the cost of the license fee.

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PHP vs Java: similarities                                                                             

Despite the conceptual differences between the two languages, there are several noteworthy commonalities between them:

Easy learning

The majority of Java developers acknowledge that learning Java may be challenging, particularly with some of its subsystems like JDBC. That being said, in terms of technical difficulty, they remain on par.

Thriving community

There is a ton of PHP and Java documentation available because huge the massive community that works hard to improve and contribute to the programming languages.

Object-oriented Programming

PHP and Java both use the same object-oriented programming model, which includes polymorphism, inheritance, and encapsulation. Object-oriented programming languages are usually considered to have a low learning curve. While object-oriented programming is supported natively by Java, PHP merely offers it as an option.


In computer programming, the rules regulating word, symbol, and punctuation patterns are suggested by the syntax. PHP and Java may share looping structures, member functions, class definitions, and data member definitions because they both utilize the same syntax.

Transitioning from PHP to Java and back again is not too difficult because both languages share similar everyday grammar.

Open-Source Programming Languages

The developer community is free to use and contribute to PHP and Java without any restrictions or expenses because they are both open-source languages.

Both can be downloaded and used for free and are open-source. Regardless of whether it is built in Java or PHP, you may start working on your dynamic web application right away by downloading the distribution package.


Generally general, PHP and Java speed differences are minimal. PHP codes are faster, but not much faster, because they are slightly shorter. Recent Java versions have also improved speed and decreased memory usage.

PHP vs Java: performance                                                                       

It can be difficult to come to a solid conclusion when comparing the performance of PHP with Java or other programming languages. This is due to the fact that no test has been run in the same environment with the same web application running on the same server. Nonetheless, the majority of developers concur that Java is a better option for intricate, multi-component websites for large businesses, while PHP is an excellent tool for basic websites.


PHP’s speed was a little underwhelming when it was first introduced, particularly in heavy-load applications with a high level of code complexity.

But after PHP 7 was released, everything was different, which gave the language an essential performance boost.

PHP 8 introduced JIT (Just-In-Time) compilation, which proved to be an invaluable enhancement to the previously interpreted language. This made comparing the performance of PHP 8 and Java even more difficult. JIT compilation produced very small speed improvements overall, but it produced significant performance advantages in tasks requiring a large number of mathematical calculations.


Java is the most widely used programming language for enterprise applications since it was created with speed and scalability in mind. Therefore, it usually has higher performance expectations than PHP, especially in complex solutions with complex architectures and advanced features.

The fact that Java code is precompiled and usually runs faster is one explanation for this. Compared to dynamically typed scripting languages like PHP, which have to expend a lot of energy confirming variable types at run-time instead of compile-time, Java has the advantage of being statically typed. This is yet another important component.

PHP and Java: which programming language is more secure?         


Many fallacies regarding PHP and its purported lack of security originate from the early days of the language, when security was still something that needed to be worked out a little. All of those problems have already been resolved, and PHP is now as safe as any other language on the market, including Java.

PHP’s sole intrinsic weakness is that, being an interpreted language without pre-compilation, anyone with appropriate access rights can alter its code directly on the server. Although PHP contains several built-in tools and “secure” functions and operators to reduce security vulnerabilities, code injections are still a potential threat.


Originally, Java was designed as a secure programming platform, and the compiler included several code checks. Java code has an immediate benefit because it is compiled as opposed to interpret.

Java and PHP: developer tools

PHP has been around for over thirty years, and smaller software development companies, web design companies, and individual coders have always found PHP to be useful. As a result, the market is overflowing with excellent IDEs and other pertinent items. The more well-known ones are as follows:

Integrated Development Environments (IDEs)

  • Cloud 9
  • CodeLobster
  • Eclipse
  • Zend Studio
  • PHPStorm

Tools for testing and debugging

  • DebugBar
  • Xdebug
  • Selenium
  • PHPUnit


  • PHPDox
  • PHPDocumentor


  • Securimage
  • RIPS

Performance monitoring

  • AppOptics
  • Retrace
  • New Relic APM


Java has an abundance of top-notch IDEs and programming tools. Hundreds of businesses are vying for a position in the enormous Java development market.

The most well-known goods and resources used by Java developers are as follows:

Integrated Development Environments

  • JDeveloper
  • Eclipse
  • BlueJ
  • NetBeans
  • IntelliJ IDEA

Testing and debugging tools

  • TestNG
  • Selenium
  • Serenity
  • JBehave
  • JUnit

Quality control

  • GitHub
  • SonarCube
  • Embold

Performance monitoring

  • NetBeans Profiler
  • Java VisualVM
  • Oracle Java Mission Control

PHP versus Java: future comparison  

Neither of the two languages that are being compared shows any signs of decline. Everybody is doing well in their own domains. PHP is still quite popular in the internet development space, even with platforms like Python and Node posing a threat.To gain market share, it appears that JS is applying a lot of pressure to it.

Because PHP is cheap, easy to learn, and extensively utilized by web development companies—which might hire them for their first job—it’s one of the best resources for aspiring developers. Developers with experience may find that PHP allows them to create stunning, maintainable websites quickly.

Additionally, Java continues to be a popular option for web developers because to its outstanding capabilities and strong industry support.

PHP or Java: Which One is Best?                                                                                       

Not at all. Java is more expensive and complicated, but it is also more functional and faster. PHP is faster to market, requires less support and maintenance, and is more efficient—up to a point—than other programming languages.

Stated differently, if the website you’re working on needs that level of sophisticated technology to function, then the added complexity that comes with using Java is well worth it—it might even have to be deemed necessary. PHP, on the other hand, makes things simpler and can be just what you need if your firm is more focused on getting content out there quickly than on building the next Uber-like platform.

A Quick Glance at PHP and Java Careers

There are many different career choices available in PHP and Java programming. Anyone considering a career in PHP development can find job postings for database concepts, desktop application development, web development, compiler-based applications, server-side scripting, command-line scripting, and web development.

The following sectors could employ Java developers: gaming, IoT (Internet of Things), financial services, healthcare systems, mobile app development, e-commerce platforms and AI and machine learning.

Which language has the bright future:

There is fierce competition between these two languages as they both are highly demanded in the market. All the organizations want to be up to the mark on the online front. These days medium of publicity is through the websites of the companies. More and more transactions are done via the internet. Every organization wants its websites to be updated with the latest technology. There are many website creation programming languages available in the market. Choosing one among them depends on the business requirements. Every language has its positives and negatives. Both Java and PHP have their grounds. They are used for the development of new applications and safeguarding the future of developed apps. Many organizations look into Java as their future due to its security and other rich features. It has formed the base for the longevity of many companies. It is also popular among developers due to its demand globally and various available tools. They have a pleasant experience working with Java.


The first thing to take care of while choosing a programming language is that it is just a means to develop the application. And it had to be selected after understanding and analyzing the need for future software. So, before deciding what programming language and other technologies to work, one should ponder the requirements.

From above, now we understand that these languages have both similarities and differences, and each has its own unique set of advantages and disadvantages. It is not easy to make out which language is better than the other. The use of the language depends on the type of application to be developed. Learn more at 3RI Technologies

PHP was explicitly intended for web development, and it does that very well. In PHP, you can develop and deploy web pages quickly and also build small-scale applications. However, when there is a need to develop dynamic, complex, and complicated applications, Java becomes the preferable language over PHP.

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