Azure Interview Questions and Answers

I believe as you are reading this blog, you must have heard about Microsoft Azure the second most popular cloud service provider in the market today. You might be thinking to prepare yourself for a round of interview for a position as an Azure developer or Azure designer or Azure admin.

Table of Contents

Azure Interview Questions and answers

Microsoft Azure Interview Questions and Answers

I believe as you are reading this blog, you must have heard about Microsoft Azure the second most popular cloud service provider in the market today. You might be thinking to prepare yourself for a round of interview for a position as an Azure developer or Azure designer or Azure admin.

I have done a lot of research on this topic and shortlisted the most commonly asked Azure interview questions and answers. I hope these will help you in preparing yourself for an interview.

But I would also suggest you enroll yourself for Microsoft Azure tutorials at 3RI Technologies to get an in-depth understanding of Microsoft Azure from their trained expert professionals.

Let us begin now with the questions.

Azure Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced And Freshers

Q 1- What is Microsoft Azure?

Microsoft Azure is a cloud service. Microsoft Corporation is the owner of this service. This is used to store data, compute it on the servers allocated by Microsoft. With the use of this service, we can design scalable and cost-effective applications to be deployed on the cloud.

Q 2
Compare AWS and Azure cloud services?

AWS of Amazon provides a Private Virtual Cloud, whereas Azure of Microsoft provides Network Virtual Cloud. AWS has 61 zones available, whereas Azure has 140 available zones.AWS provides a direct connection, while Azure offers an express connection. In AWS, all machines can be accessed separately as required. However, in Azure, different cloud services are grouped, and they respond to the same domain names but with other port numbers.

Q 3-
What are the various services offered by the Azure cloud?

IAAS(Infrastructure As A Service): Using this service, you can use the infrastructure of the Azure cloud. You can configure their server as yours.

PAAS(Platform As A Service): Using this service, you can deploy your applications on Azure cloud environments without giving any permission to the software.

SAAS(Software As A Service): You get a chance to use the software applications on Azure by just paying rent for the time you are using them. This saves a lot of money spend on buying these applications.

Q 4- What are the different ways in which deployment can be done in Azure?

Public Cloud: Here, Azure is the owner of the infrastructure, and several companies are using their service.

Private Cloud: Here, the individual is the owner of the infrastructure, or you have the exclusive rights on the infrastructure provided by Azure. For example, you are hosting a website on the server only for you.

Hybrid Cloud: It’s a combination of Public and Private Cloud. For example, you are storing your private data on your owned servers and website hosting using the Public cloud.

Q 5- Which service is used to control the resources in the Azure cloud environment?

Azure Resource Manager is used for managing, deploying, and deleting the resources used in Azure. It controls the complete infrastructure in Azure.

Enroll in our Azure Certification Course today and build a career in Cloud Computing.

Q 6- Which web applications can be released and deployed in Azure?

ASP.Net, Java, Ruby, PHP, and WCF can be used to write web-based applications. These languages can be used to call API for Azure Service Platform to AppFabric Service.

Meet the industry person, to clear your doubts !

Q 7- What are the different types of roles/servers in Microsoft Azure?

  1. Web Role
  2. VM Role
  3. Worker Role

Q 8- Differentiate between the different roles in Azure?

Web Role VM Role Worker Role
It is used for deploying a website It is used for scheduling any task and windows services It is a helping role for Web Role
It is customized and configurable to run many web-based applications It can be used to bring about customization of machines used for Web or Worker role It is used for running processes in the background

Q 9- Can we create a Virtual Machine in a virtual network created after traditional deployment?

No, Virtual machines cannot be created in such a case.

Q 10-
What do you mean by Virtual Machine scale sets?

These are computing resources available in Azure to deploy and control the same Virtual Machines. The scale sets will support true auto-scaling, which will avoid any requirement for providing any details beforehand to Virtual Machines. This will make it easier to handle big data and do computations on them.

These Microsoft Azure interview questions will help you with your preparation but for better learning enroll for Azure Training in pune at 3RITechnologies.

Q 11- Can external data disks be used to store data of application?

Yes, a scale set is used to configure these data disks on Virtual machines where the application is currently running.

Job Oriented Courses

Q 12- What is meant by an Availability set?

The availability set is a grouping of VM’s logically that gives an understanding to Azure how to build the applications to provide redundancy and increasing availability. It is preferred to have at least two Virtual Machines in an availability set to make scalable applications and ensure 99.95% SLA of Azure.

Q 13- What is meant by Fault Domains?

They are a group of hardware logically defined to share the same source of power and a network switch. When a Virtual machine is created inside an availability set, it will automatically distribute them among these fault domains. This is used to reduce the impact of any failure in hardware or outage in the network.

Q 14- What is meant by Update Domains?

They are a group of hardware logically defined to undertake maintenance or rebooting can be done anytime. When a Virtual machine is created inside an availability set, it will automatically distribute them among these update domains. This will make sure that at least one instance of your application is running even when maintenance is carried out in the Azure platform.

Q 15- Can Scale sets and Azure availability sets work together?

Yes, a scale set is itself an Availability set with 5 Update and Fault domains each. Scale sets having 100 Virtual machines are the same as multiple Availability sets. The virtual machine in an Availability set can be present in the same VN(Virtual Networks) as the scale sets.

Q 16- What are the different types of environments available for deployment in Azure?

Staging environment: This can be used by developers to develop and make changes to your application before gone LIVE. This can also be used to test the application.

Production environment: This is used to deploy the application when it goes LIVE. The URL used for the Production environment is user-friendlier than the Staging environment.

Q 17- Define the service definition file?

This is a .csdef file that defines the service model along with the number of roles.

Q 18 Define service configurable files?

It is a .cscfg file that gives configuration settings needed for cloud service and the roles of an individual.

Q 19- Define a service package?

It is a .cspkg file that contains the code for application and service definition file.

Q 20- What is cspack?

It is a command-line interface used to generate .cspkg(service package) file. Once done, the application can now be deployed using an emulator or Microsoft Azure.

Want Free Career Counseling?

Just fill in your details, and one of our expert will call you !

Q 21- What is csrun?

It is a command-line interface that deployed a package on an emulator or Microsoft Azure and managed the services that are running.

Apart from these interview questions and answers, enroll at 3RITechnologies for professional training in Azure.

Q 22- What is meant by cloud service deployment?

It is an instance of the cloud service, which is deployed on Azure deployment environments.


Interested to begin a career in Azure? Enroll now for Azure Online Training


Q 23- What do you mean by Network Security Groups(NSG)?

An NSG has a list of ACL(Access Control List) that will either pass or block network traffic to NIC’s or subnet or both. When you associate NSG to a subnet, its rule will apply to all the Virtual machines in that subnet. If we associate an NSG to a NIC directly, we will be able to restrict the traffic flow.

Q 24- What is meant by the break-fix issue?

All technical problems that occur are referred to as the break-fix issue. It is the work that needs to be done while supporting technology, and it fails, generating a need for a supporting team to restore the working.

Q 25- Differentiate between Service Bus Queues and Storage Queues?

Service Bus Queues Storage Queues
It is a part of Azure messaging infrastructure It is a part of Azure storage infrastructure
It can be used to publish or subscribe and many more patterns of integration It provides a REST-based interface that is simple to use.

Q 26- What is the purpose of using an Azure Active Directory?

It is a part of the IAM system. It helps in providing access to a particular product or service in your network.

Q. 27- If you are trying to validate your identity on AD, and you failed the maximum number of attempts, what will happen after that?

Before we lock the account, we check the password and IP address used. If Azure feels any attack, t may increase the lockout time too.

Q 28- Define Azure Diagnostics

It is an API available in Azure that helps to diagnose applications in Azure and collect their data.

Q 29- What is the SLA(Service Level Agreement) for Azure?

It states that whenever you create two or more instances of a particular role, Azure will ensure that you can access at least 99.95% of the time. Also, in case of any failure in the working of functions, Azure assures that they will be rectified 99.9% of the time.

Q 30- What are the advantages of using Traffic Manager in Azure?

Different traffic routing methods are used to distribute network traffic. Also, it continuously monitors the health of endpoints. It also initiates automatic failovers in case of failure of any endpoint.

Book Your Time-slot for Counselling !

Enroll at 3RITechnologies for professional training in Azure Cloud and get certification for better credibility.

Q 31- What is Azure Service Fabric?

It is a distributed platform to develop, deploy, and manage different high scaled applications. Service Applications programming is used for communication among the microservices created for this environment.

Q 32- What is the kind of services that can be built using Azure Service Fabric?

Stateless and Stateful services can be built using Azure Service Fabric.

Stateless Service Stateful Service
The state is not stored in service The state is stored in service
An external database is needed to store long-term state No external database is needed here

Q 33- What is Redis Cache in Azure?

This is an open-source cache that will help to fetch data for any web application from the backend. It will bring the server web page from the store to improve the performance of applications. It is the most secure way to cache any data using the Azure cloud service.

Q 34- Why should you use CDN in Azure?

It is used to decrease loading time and bandwidth. It will help in speeding up the responses.

Q 35- Differentiate between Minimal and Repetitive monitoring.

Minimal Monitoring Repetitive Monitoring
It is the default method used for monitoring in Azure It needs to be selected as a method of monitoring when needed
The data from the performance counter is sampled for monitoring It is used for close analysis of data

Q 36- State the difference between the powerhouse server and repository in Azure?

Repository servers are responsible for maintaining integrity and uniformity. At the same time, Powerhouse Server is responsible for the integration of various aspects of the repository in the database.

Enroll in our  Azure Devops AZ 400 Certification today and build a brighter career in Cloud Computing.

Q 37- What is a compute emulator for Microsoft Azure?

It is an emulator used to test your application before deploying on the cloud environment of Azure.

Q 38- State the different options used for managing a session state in Azure?

SQL Azure, Caching in Windows Azure, and Azure tables are the different options used for managing a session state in Azure.

Q 39- What is meant by the guest Operating System?

Any operating system that is running on the virtual machine which runs an instance of a role.

Q 40- What are the different types of BLOB in Azure?

Block BLOB and Page Blob.

Taking advantage of these Azure cloud interview questions will prepare you to face interviews, enroll at 3RI Technologies for practical learning.

Q 41- Differentiate between the different types of the BLOB.

Block BLOB Page BLOB
It consists of blocks identified by a block id It is a collection of pages and is identified by the offset starting from the blob
The maximum size is 200GB The maximum size is 1TB

Q 42- What is the use of dead letter queuing?

It is used when the message has expired, and the queue value is set to true. The other case is when the delivery counter for a message on a queue has exceeded the maximum limit. It is also used when an exception has occurred due to the evaluation of filter, and dead letter queuing is set to true for such exceptions.

Q 43- What is the size of instances in Azure?

Compute Instance Size Memory Instance Storage I/O CPU Performance
Extra Small 768MB 20GB 1.0 GHz Low
Small 1.75GB 225GB 1.6 GHz Moderate
Medium 3.5GB 490GB 2 X1.6GHz High
Large 7GB 1000GB 4 X1.6GHz High
Extra large 14GB 2040GB 8 X1.6GHz High

Q 44- What are the minimum requirements for creating a username in Azure?

The maximum length of a username is 20 characters and cannot end with “.”

Q 45- What are the minimum requirements for creating a password in Azure?

It should have a minimum length of 12-13 characters. It should have a lower and upper character. Along with this, it can either have a digit or a unique character.

Do you want to book a FREE Demo Session?

Q 46- What is the size of storage allowed while using a virtual machine?

The size of a data disk is 1TB. The size of the virtual machine will decide how many data disks can be used with them.

Q 47- How to create a storage account using Power Shell?

Before you create a storage account, you must check that you have Azure v0.7or later on your machine. This you can do by below command.

Then, you need to login to your account using Power Shell using the below command.

Before you create a storage account, you must create a resource group.

Below command, you can use to create a V2 general-purpose storage account with only read access.

Q 48- How to create a Virtual machine using CLI in Azure?

Before we create a virtual machine in Azure, we need to create a resource group using CLI by using the below command.

Then use the below command to create VM using CLI.

This will take some time to create the resources for the virtual machine.

Q 49- How can we stop the virtual machine using Power Shell in Azure?

Use the below command to stop VM in Power Shell

Q 50- How to get the properties of the virtual machines for a particular resource group in Power Shell?

Use the below command to see the properties of virtual machines.

I end this blog with some sample Azure Questions and Answers to prepare you for your interviews. Enroll yourself at 3RI Technologies for professional guidance from experts in Microsoft Azure and route your path to success.


51.  What Exactly is A SLA in Azure?


  • When two or more role instances are placed on Azure, access to a cloud service is guaranteed to be available for at least 99.95% of the time under the terms of a contract known as the Azure Service Level Agreement (SLA).


  • In addition, it states that processes that are not in the functioning state of the role instance will be identified and repaired 99.9% of the time, which is a very high percentage.


  • If the guarantees above are not fulfilled at any point, Azure will credit us with a portion of our monthly costs, depending on the price structure of the applicable Azure services.


52. Azure Resource Manager: What is it?

The Azure Resource Manager is a service Azure offers to its customers to facilitate the management and deployment of applications under Azure.


The resource manager grants the developer privileges to the management layer, facilitating the developer’s ability to modify, add, or remove resources associated with an Azure subscription account. This functionality is quite helpful when we need to meet specific needs, such as controlling access restrictions and locks, assuring the safety of resources after they have been deployed, and organizing those resources.


53. What is The Optimal Azure Solution For Code Execution Without A Server?


  • With the Azure Functions tool, you can run code without a server.


  • Not a server Azure Functions make it easier to set up complicated orchestrations and solve challenging problems. They are meant to be without a state and only last briefly.


  • They help you connect to other services without writing the integrations in code, which speeds up the creation process.


  • It saves time and effort by letting the coder focus on writing the business logic code.


  • As well as that, they offer Azure Application Insights for monitoring and analyzing code speed, which helps find slow spots and failure points in all parts of the application.


54.  Azure Blob Storage: What Is It?


  1. Blue Sky Microsoft’s object storage service for the cloud is called blob storage.”Blob” is an abbreviation for “Binary Large Object.” .” Blob-based storage keeps substantial amounts of random text or binary data. It works great for sending files like text, images, audio, video, and documents straight to browsers.


  1. You can access the info in the blob storage from anywhere worldwide. By putting the blobs into containers, you can link them to user accounts. The Azure Blob Service is divided into three sections:


  • Storage Account: This could be a Blob Storage Account or a Microsoft Azure General Storage Account.


  • Container: A container is a container that is used to group blobs.A container can accommodate an infinite number of aggregates. Initialise the container’s name with lowercase letters.


  • Blob:Any binary large object, such as a file or a document, can be called a “blob.” Azure supports three different kinds of Blobs:


(i) Block blobs: Designed for text and binary files, these can accommodate up to 50k blocks with a maximum size of 4MB each or up to 195GB.

              (ii)        Appended blobs are utilized for tasks like data logging in log files.

                 (iii) Page blobs: These are designed to be read and written frequently.


55. When there isn’t enough staff to handle the influx of users, is there an Azure service that can help?

If you use VM Scale sets and set up the right setup and conditions, you can stop this problem by creating a new VM whenever the application’s load grows.


  • With Azure VM Scale Sets, a developer can set up and control a group of load-balanced VMs. Scale sets can be configured to dynamically adjust the quantity of virtual machines (VMs) by the application’s requirements or a predetermined schedule.


  • Scale Sets ensure that applications are always available and let developers control, update, and set up large virtual machines (VMs) from a central location. They also help developers build large-scale apps that handle much data, work, and computing power.


  • Up to 1,000 VMs can run on Azure scale sets. There is a limit of 600 VMs if custom VM images are made and shared.


56. What could Cause A Client Application to Become Disconnected from its Cache?

There are two possible reasons for this:


  1. Causes On The Client Side:
  • Redeployment of the application is a plausible possibility.


  • It could have been a scaling procedure by the application.


  • The networking layer on the client side has undergone modifications.


  • There may be short-term issues with the client or the network that links the client to the server.


  • A further explanation can be that the bandwidth threshold restrictions have been exceeded.


  1. Reasons From The Server End:
  • The Azure Redis Cache service can fail from the primary node to the secondary node if the latter becomes unavailable.


  • The cache’s server instance has been patched or maintained.

    57.Explain The Azure Table Storage Concept.

A schemaless architecture may store structured data in the cloud with Azure Table storage. It can store adaptable datasets such as address books, device information, user data for web applications, etc. An Azure table can hold any number of entities. Up to the storage account’s capacity limit, you can store unlimited tables in it.


Crucial Features of Azure Table Storage:


  • Holds a lot of structured info that isn’t related to anything else


  • It doesn’t have a structure, so you can change your data to fit your application’s needs.


  • Gives a lot of client tools for Java, C++,.NET, Node.js, PHP, Python, and other languages that can be used to make apps.


  • It costs less than standard SQL.

    58. What are Microsoft Azure Roles?

A role is a group of managed, load-balanced Platform-as-a-Service virtual machines that do the same jobs. The Azure fabric manager is in charge of them.


In Azure, there are three kinds of roles:


  • Web Role: This is used to set up a website that uses languages like.Net and PHP that work with the IIS server. It has been changed so that web apps can run on it.


  • Worker Role: This role is used to run tasks in the background.


  • VM Role: It lets users plan when to do things and run Windows programs. It also enables you to change how the web and worker roles are run on the machines.

    59. What Exactly is Autoscaling? List Its Benefits.

Autoscale is a built-in feature of Azure that enables you to scale your application to achieve optimal performance while maintaining the optimal cost balance. When the demand varies, it can scale your application upwards or downwards according to your established criteria. It is an integral part of Azure and may be used for websites, virtual machines, mobile, and cloud services.


Advantages of Microsoft Azure Autoscaling include the following:


  • Adjust your scale to meet the demand.


  • Track essential performance indicators and receive notifications when anything changes.


  • Economical: It automatically flakes unneeded instances.


  • Optimizes the performance of the program

 60. How can Azure Functions Be Protected?

Azure functions can be secured using the following methods:


  • Protection Center
  • Monitoring and logging
  • HTTPS (https)
  • To access functions’ controls
  • Authorization and authentication
  • Acquiring Permissions
  • Secret administration
  • The validation of data
  • Establish usage limits
  • Error management
  • Encrypt the data storage.
  • Restricted access to CORS
  • Banishment of remote debugging
  • Account credentials for deployment
  • Inactivate FTP
  • Secure SCM terminal
  • Continuous validation of security
  • Network protection

 61. What Distinguishes A Managed Disk from An Unmanaged One?

Managed Disks:

Creating a storage account is optional in order to utilize disks that Microsoft Azure maintains. Because Azure administers the storage account, you do not have full control over the disks generated in the account.


Unmanaged Disks:

To create a new storage account for an unmanaged drive, you must first create a storage account for the existing disk. Since you are the one who established and owns the storage account, you have complete authority over all of the information that is kept in that account. In addition, you will be responsible for handling matters about encryption, data recovery strategies, and so on.

 62. Azure Firewall: What Is It?

Firewalls on networks are essential to any data protection strategy an organization implements. Cloud-based firewalls in Microsoft Azure inspect the traffic based on the access control rules that administrators establish, much as traditional firewalls used in local area networks (LANs). In contrast to conventional firewalls, which frequently function as network perimeter security devices and points of termination for virtual private networks (VPNs), the Microsoft Azure Firewall offers role-based access control for ports and services determined by the level of your subscription.

63. Explanation of Azure Functions in Depth

Events and External-Invoke are two examples of serverless code computation services you may use with Azure Functions. Azure Functions are transient and stateless and can autonomously scale up in response to a request. They often expedite the development process because they save you from having to write any integration code to connect to other services. Additionally, they provide Azure Application Insights for code performance monitoring and evaluation, which helps locate failure sites and bottlenecks throughout the application’s parts. Functions may be implemented in Python, Java, Node.js, and C#, among others.

64. What is Your Knowledge Regarding Azure Active Directory?

Microsoft’s cloud-based authentication and authorization service is called Azure Active Directory (AD).  Identity protection, essential directory services, and application access management are all integrated into one system. It makes it possible for any worker in a company to log in and access the following resources:


i) Outside resources, including millions of additional SaaS services, Microsoft 365, and the Azure gateway.


ii) Internal resources, such as any cloud service apps developed by your firm and any apps on your intranet or network.

 65. What exactly is Azure Cognitive Search?

With Azure Cognitive Search, Microsoft controls server and infrastructure upkeep for cloud search solutions. It gives developers the tools, platforms, and APIs they need to build advanced search experiences ready to use for corporate, mobile, and web applications that span a variety of private and diversified information types. You don’t need to manage search infrastructure or become an expert in search to add a robust search experience to your applications with a straightforward REST API or .NET SDK. Regarding Azure’s full-text search operations across content repositories and databases, Azure Cognitive Search is the finest cloud provider for apps that rely solely on the search for feature extraction and content navigation.

 66. Define Azure CosmosDB.

Skye Microsoft provides PaaS features, one of which is CosmosDB. It is a NoSQL database hosted in the cloud, mainly focusing on contemporary app development. The ease with which CosmosDB data may be distributed and duplicated globally guarantees quicker and more effective app development. Demand and storage capacity may be balanced using serverless databases, capacity management, and autonomous scaling.


In addition to features like enterprise-grade privacy, fast scalability, SLA-backed availability, and single-digit millisecond response times, Azure Cosmos DB handles database administration tasks like auto-management, updates, etc.

 67. Describe Azure’s Site Recovery Functionality.

Site Recovery is a solution that ensures that business operations run smoothly by keeping corporate software and workloads active even in an outage. With the assistance of both physical and virtual machines (VMs), this feature made available by Azure can perform its function in a manner that copies activities from a primary place to a secondary location. If your primary location is unavailable, you will switch to the secondary location, from where you can access the applications.You can return to the initial location once it has been repaired. Site Recovery ensures replication for physical servers, virtual machines hosted on-premises, virtual machines hosted within Azure Stack, and Azure VMs.

 68. What does Azure Service Fabric Refer To?

A framework for parallel processing, the Azure Service Fabric ensures efficient packaging, deployment, and management of reliable microservices and containers. Service Fabric facilitates the development of applications based on microservices.In addition, Service Fabric handles the fundamental constraints that arise during the development and administration of cloud-native applications. Significant attention is placed on the creation of stateful services.


 The Service Fabric computing architecture enables the execution of container-based stateful services, irrespective of the programming language or code they are written in. Service Fabric clusters can be established in private clouds, Linux, and Windows Server, in addition to other public clouds.

 69. What Distinguishes Azure Load Balancer from Azure Traffic Manager?

Azure Data Manager’s main job is to send data worldwide based on changing rules. This makes the experience of the user better and shows how your app is used around the world. Your public connections will also benefit from being easy to reach and quick to respond. Traffic Manager provides a range of traffic-routing and endpoint-tracking options to meet the needs of different program goals and spontaneous recovery systems.


The Azure Load Balancer decides how data in a specific area is routed. The Azure data Manager sends data to a region between virtual machines when this is used with it. When you connect them, you get power over traffic worldwide with backup in your own area. The Azure Load Balancer service can handle both UDP and TCP protocols very fast and doesn’t use much data. As long as high availability is maintained, it can handle millions of searches per second without problems.

 70. What Does Azure Synapse Analytics’ Dedicated SQL Pool Mean?

You’ll get your own SQL pool when you use Azure Synapse Analytics for corporate data warehousing. A group of analytical tools used with Synapse SQL is called a “dedicated SQL pool.” The only ones who can decide how big a specialized SQL pool should be are Data Warehousing Units. After setting up the specialized SQL pool, you can use simple PolyBase T-SQL queries to bring in huge amounts of data and then use the distributed data processor to do fast analyses. An SQL pool is the only source your business can depend on for reliable high-speed insights as data is combined and analyzed.

 71. Describe Azure Backup. Mention Some of Its Benefits.

Microsoft provides Azure Backup, a cloud-based solution that lets you backup Azure File Shares, Azure Managed Disks, Azure SQL Server databases, Azure PostgreSQL databases, and Azure Windows virtual machines (VMs).


The following are some of Azure Backup’s main advantages:


  • One straightforward approach to cloud backup of your on-premises data is with Azure Backup. You might obtain short-term and long-term backups without developing comprehensive on-premises backup solutions.


  • Azure Backup allows for distinct backups to safeguard original data against unforeseen harm. The backups are saved in a storage device that is managed by Recovery Services and has an integrated recovery point system.


  • Azure Backup uses the fundamental capabilities and limitless capacity of the Azure cloud to provide high availability with little upkeep or monitoring required.

 72. Talk About The Different Kinds of Backups That Azure Offers.

Azure Backup lets you back up your data in three different ways to keep your data and files highly available:


  • Locally redundant storage (LRS) makes three copies of your data in a central storage unit in the same area. LRS is an inexpensive way to protect data from hardware failures in your area.


  • The most popular and highly recommended data backup method is geo-redundant storage (GRS). It creates a copy of your files in another, less-accessible area. It costs more for GRS than for LRS, but it protects data better, even if there is a local problem.


  • Zone-redundant storage (ZRS) copies data in available zones so that data stays safe and lasts for a long time in the same zone. Since ZRS has no delay, you can back up your essential tasks that need to keep data and can’t be interrupted.

 73. Which Kinds of Storage Services are Offered by Azure?

The following data options are available through the Azure Storage platform:


Azure Blob Storage—Azure Blobs is a powerful object storage that can hold both text and code data. It saves any data and lets you get it back as huge data blocks.


ii . Azure File Storage: Azure Files lets you share files securely in the cloud and on-premises.You can access fully managed cloud file shares from nearly anywhere using the standard Server Message Block (SMB) protocol.


iii. Azure Queue Storage—Azure Queues is a place where messages can be stored so that program modules can reliably talk to each other. Software units can use asynchronous message queuing to talk to each other.


iv. Azure Table Storage: You can store organized data without a schema in Azure Tables, a NoSQL database. It lets you store structured NoSQL data in the cloud and can store keys and attributes without using a model.


v. Azure Disk Storage: Azure Disks are block-level storage units for Azure VMs. They make it possible to store and get data from a virtual hard disk all the time.

 74. What are Azure Network Security Groups?

A network security group, also called an Access Control List, is a set of security policies that regulates the inbound and outbound traffic of a specific Azure resource. It is possible to connect subnets or individual NICs that are part of a subnet with NSGs so that the rules apply to all virtual machines in that subnet.  For each rule, you can define the sender address, the receiver address, the host, and the protocol.

 75. In Azure Active Directory, Define Application Partitions.

Azure Active Directory’s application partitions are subsets of the directory that are copied to local DCs. These domain controllers maintain a replica of the partition as they participate in the partitioning process. One potential benefit of application partitions is their capacity to be duplicated to a specific domain controller, which may decrease network traffic.Domain directory partitions can transfer their complete data to all domains, while domain area application partitions are limited to targeting a single domain.  By reducing the necessity for application partitions, their availability is enhanced.

 76. Talk About The Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) in Brief.

The purpose of the Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) is to simplify the process of deploying a Kubernetes cluster under management on Azure.It alone is capable of managing containerized applications. It’s an open-source way to automatically manage traffic, scale, and install software. As a controlled Kubernetes service, Azure takes care of essential tasks like testing and managing health. The Kubernetes masters are managed by Azure, leaving you with only the agent nodes to worry about. This is why AKS is completely costless, and you need only pay for the agent nodes that make up your groups.

77. How Does One Acquire The Privileges of An Administrator On The Azure Portal?

An administrator must be granted the owner role before allowing a new user to be added to the Azure portal. It will only have access to the Subscription’s allocated resources. To promote someone to the position of administrator, follow these steps:


i. First, you must visit and access the Azure portal.


ii. The administrator can gain entry to the desired Subscription by going to the Hub menu and selecting Subscription.


iii. In the subscription blade, navigate to Access Control (IAM) and press the Add button.


iv. Choose the Owner from the list of available roles.


To designate a user as the owner, type their email address here. v.


  1. Click the user’s name to select them.

 78. Why Are Profilers implemented in Azure?

Sky blue In Azure, apps currently running in production can have their performance tracked and evaluated using profilers. In most cases, this is done to guarantee that the application is reliable and able to cope with significant traffic volumes. Profiler can capture a large amount of data in an automated fashion without your customers experiencing any hassle. To respond to a specific web request, Profiler can assist in locating the “hot” code route that consumes the most time throughout its execution.

 79. In Azure, Define Content Delivery Networks.

A content delivery network, often known as a CDN, is a decentralised network of computers responsible for providing information to internet users in a timely and efficient manner. CDNs store buffer data on peripheral nodes in point-of-presence (POP) locations near the users they aim to connect with to reduce latency.  It doesn’t matter if you’re developing or managing websites or mobile apps, encrypting and delivering streaming services, or installing system updates; the Azure Content Delivery Network (CDN) can assist you in decreasing the amount of time it takes for a page to load, cutting down on the amount of bandwidth it uses, and increasing how responsive the page is.

 80. What is The Definition of Azure HDInsight?

The Azure HDInsight service is a cloud-based distribution of Hadoop’s feature set. It is responsible for processing large volumes of data inside a structure that may be adapted in a more efficient and less costly manner. You can deploy well-known open-source frameworks, including Hadoop, Spark, Hive, LLAP, Kafka, Storm, and R. You can make use of these frameworks to enable scenarios involving data warehousing, machine learning, the Internet of Things (IoT) and extract, transform, and load (ETL).

 81. Explain The Concept of Azure Virtual Networks (VNet).

The Azure Virtual Network (VNet) is the most essential part of your Azure private network.Azure Virtual Machines (VM) and numerous other Azure services can connect to local and even the internet without being detected.  This is made possible by VNet. VNet works like any other network in a locally owned data centre. It has all the same benefits as a normal network, plus Azure’s organisational benefits like scalability, availability, and exclusion. Some things that can be done with a virtual network are connecting Azure resources to the internet, talking to local resources, blocking and redirecting network traffic, and connecting to Azure services.

82. Specify the Essential Components of Windows Azure.

Windows Azure Compute: It offers code controllable by the hosting environment. The ability of Azure Compute to calculate in segments is a significant advantage. Three different types of jobs are available: Web Role, Worker Role, and VM Role.


Windows Azure Storage (VHD): This sort of storage service offers four different forms of storage: Blobs, Queues, Tables, and Windows Azure Drives.


Windows Azure AppFabric: This platform offers five services: integration, service bus, access, caching, and composite.

 83. What is Runtime Integration? What are The Various Integration Runtime Types?

Integration software is a set of computers that Azure Data Factory uses to offer integration features like Data Flows and Data Movement in various network settings. It can use resources from both public and private networks or a mix.


It is possible to integrate three different types of runtimes:


i. Azure Integration Runtime: This part of the system manages, patches, and scales the infrastructure underneath.


ii. Regarding the coding, the similarities between Azure Integration Runtime and Self-Hosted Integration Runtime are striking. Conversely, these are virtual devices or on-premises systems linked via virtual networks.


iii. SSIS packages can be executed safely by users thanks to Azure SSIS Integration Runtime.  With Azure SSIS Integration Runtime, you can move and lift SSIS packages to the data source.

 84. What are The Two Strengths of Windows Azure ADLS Gen2 Security?

 i. Based on roles Controlling access : It talks about built-in jobs in Azure, like reader, contributor, owner, and customer. It tells the service who can run it and gives people access to data exploration tools that are already built in.


ii. Access Control List: This part of Azure Data Lake Storage lets users choose which data items they can read, write, or run.

 85. What does the phrase “Power BI-Embedded in Windows Azure” mean?

Platform-as-a-service (PaaS) analytics solution Power BI Embedded facilitates the seamless integration of dashboards, visualizations, and insights by ISVs (Individual Software Vendors) and software developers into an application on behalf of their clients. Customers don’t need prior knowledge about Power BI to use Power BI Embedded, which is one of the best benefits of this version.

 86. Which two categories of analytics solutions does Power BI-Embedded support?

Power BI-embedded has two different kinds of data tools:


  1. Embed for your customers: This option lets you make a Power BI app that authenticates users without them having to do anything. This method is most likely used by independent software vendors (ISVs) who make apps for other companies.


2. Add this to your organization: With this option, you can make an app that requires you to sign in with your Power BI account. People can only see embedded information when they sign in to the Power BI service. This option is for big businesses making an app for their employees.

 87. What are the various forms of embedded authentication flows in Power BI?

The embedding solutions for your organisation and those for your customers have distinct authentication flows.


i.The customer solution embeds utilizes a non-interactive authentication sequence.


Accessing Power BI does not require users to log into Azure AD.Your web application generates the embedded token and authenticates against Azure AD using a reserved identity.  The reserved identity might be either a master user or a service principal.


ii.The Embed solution for your organization employs an interactive authentication process. Using their Power BI login credentials, users of the online application access Azure AD. They have to agree to the API rights given to the application upon its Azure AD registration.

 88. Describe the SQL Azure Firewall in Brief.

The cloud-based service SQL Azure Firewall permits the identification of IP addresses and the filtration of traffic destined for a VNet. Protecting incoming and outgoing traffic to the VNet, it is also engineered to ensure high availability and limitless cloud scalability.


SQL Azure firewall is a database service on the Microsoft Azure Platform for cloud computing that enables the hosting and access of SQL databases.

 89. How should SQL Azure data be backed up in Windows Azure?

SQL Azure stores three copies of a database to protect against the possibility of data loss due to malfunctioning hardware. When dealing with user-level issues in SQL Azure, the duplicate command can quickly produce a duplicate of the database in question. You can also backup SQL Azure data to a local SQL server using technologies such as BCP and SSIS, although point-in-time recovery has yet to be an option.

 90. How Can The Performance of An SQL Azure Database Be Improved?

Tuning a SQL Azure database can be accomplished by analysing both the query’s execution plan and its statistics. SQL Azure’s Dynamic Management views can be utilised for monitoring and managing SQL Azure databases.The network’s latency and bandwidth can also impact SQL Azure’s performance. In this particular instance, the code geographically close to the application topology delivers the best performance.

  91.Azure Stream Analytics: What is it?

Azure Stream Analytics processes data in real-time as a fully managed stream processing service.With the stream analytics engine’s assistance, data streams from various sources, such as devices, sensors, social media feeds, and other sources, may be examined and processed in real time.


Azure Stream Analytics makes building and executing sophisticated SQL-like queries on streaming data simple. Aggregations, filters, and transformations can all be performed in real-time.The rest of the Azure ecosystem can effortlessly benefit from the insights gained from your stream analytics, which can be easily shared with the rest. Azure Machine Learning, Azure Data Lake, Azure Event Hubs, and Azure Functions may all benefit from your stream analytics.

 92. What are Azure Cognitive Services Containers’ main advantages?

The following are several advantages of Azure Cognitive Services Containers:


Consistent infrastructure: The infrastructure doesn’t change, so the system parameters remain unchanged. Because of this, administration and troubleshooting are simplified.


Data control: You have full control over your data and can tell the Cognitive Services where and how to handle it. You can also ensure that the data follows the rules and policies of your organisation.


Updates to models: You decide when to update your models and ensure they are tried and approved before they are used.


Azure Cognitive Services is a portable system. Containers are built on top of Docker containers, so they can be used on any platform that accepts Docker. This makes it easy to set up cognitive services in various settings, such as on-premises and the cloud.


Scalability: It’s easy to add more Azure Cognitive Services Containers. You can use multiple containers to handle more users and ensure your smart services can handle a lot of data.

 93. What does Azure Batch mean to you?

Azure Batch is a cloud-based service provided by Microsoft Azure that facilitates the execution of high-performance computing (HPC) and large-scale parallel applications by software developers. Azure from Microsoft offers the service.  It allows you to run batch operations in parallel, distribute them across several virtual machines (VMs), and automatically scale the number of VMs up or down based on the computing resources required at any given time.

 94. Describe the functionality of Azure Event Grid.

The Azure Event Grid service is an advanced one that enables developers to design event-based architectures and provides dependable delivery of messages on a massive scale. Building apps that are driven by events can be done on a serverless architecture, which removes the requirement for polling and the costs and delays that are associated with it.


In addition to supporting user-created events, Azure Event Grid is compatible with the event feeds of several other Azure services, including Azure Blob Storage, Azure Event Hubs, and Azure Functions.

 95. What purpose does Azure Migrate serve?

Using Azure Migrate makes moving tasks from your own servers to Azure easier, faster, and more unified. It gives organisations a central place to find, evaluate, and move resources, making it easy and quick to move their databases, apps, virtual machines, and servers to Azure.


Azure Migrate additionally has many tools that make transferring data more approachable. For example, you can group and sequence migrations, check on progress, and make sure that resources have been correctly moved. Its ability to connect to other Azure services, like Azure Site Recovery, also helps businesses keep running while they migrate.

 96. Azure IoT Central: What is it?

Azure IoT Central is a UX and API platform developed specifically for connecting and managing IoT devices on a large scale. It provides dependable data that can be utilised in business analytics to produce precious insights. By consolidating various functionalities into a single umbrella, this service offers a pre-assembled platform that simplifies the configuration, connection, and management of IoT devices and services.


By leveraging centralised management and dependable visual data analysis, this service facilitates the connection between business applications and IoT data, enabling developers to transform insights into actionable steps.

 97. What does Azure Digital Twins mean to you? What functionalities does Azure Digital Twins offer?

The Internet of Things (IoT) platform Azure Digital Twins lets you make digital versions of real-world things that are exact and reliable. You can make a virtual copy of your real world with Azure Digital Twins and then use it to model, simulate, and analyse different situations to improve performance, efficiency, and sustainability.


Azure Digital Twins has several features, such as:


Making a digital twin gives you the modelling language and tools to create a digital copy of your real world.


Putting sensors and devices together: It lets you link sensors and devices in the real world to your digital twin.


Simulate and analyse: It gives you tools for simulation and analysis, so you can try out different situations and see how well your setting works.


Integrate with additional Azure services: This solution seamlessly integrates with Azure Stream Analytics, Azure IoT Hub, and Azure Machine Learning, enabling the development of comprehensive solutions encompassing the entire process.


98. Explain in detail what the Azure Container Registry is.  What advantages does the Azure container registry offer?


 The Azure Container Registry is a cloud-based registry service for creating, storing, and managing container images in a private registry for various types of container deployments. An application’s code, dependencies, and configuration are all in a portable package called a container image.


Azure Container Registry offers several advantages, including:


  • Container pictures can be safely stored with this feature and other security features like role-based access control, encryption, and vulnerability scanning.


  • Azure Kubernetes Service, Azure Web Apps, and Azure Functions are just some other Azure services it is compatible with.


  • It ensures that container images are always accessible for deployment by providing high availability and scalability.


  • Image lifecycle management, webhooks, and registry-level activities are some of the standard automation features.


  • Open Container Initiative (OCI) registries, Helm Chart repositories, and registries compatible with Docker Hub are all supported.

 99. What purpose do Azure Notification Hubs serve?

With Azure Notification Hubs, you can send push alerts to millions of devices running Windows, iOS, Android, and Amazon Kindle, among other operating systems.


Azure Notification Hubs’ primary purpose is to make sending push notifications to many devices easier by offering a dependable, scalable, and effective platform. It enables you to give users or groups of users customised and targeted notifications according to their locations, preferences, or behaviours.

 100. Which are Azure Stack Edge’s main components?

Azure Stack Edge is a hybrid cloud computing technology that allows customers to move Azure services to the edge, where they can then process and analyze data in a more localized fashion. The following are Azure Stack Edge’s main parts:


The Azure Stack Edge resource manages the actual Azure Stack Edge Pro GPU device when you deploy it as part of your Azure subscription.The Azure Stack Edge administration Portal is a web-based interface that facilitates the configuration of security and networking settings, device administration, and workload deployment.


High-performance graphics processing unit (GPU) computing is one of the features of the Azure Stack Edge Pro GPU appliance.   It has one or more NVIDIA GPUs, network connectivity, solid-state storage, and a potent processor.


Local web UI: The Azure Stack Edge, Pro GPU device, may be monitored and controlled directly from the device itself by using the local web-based user interface that comes built-in to the device.

All the best!!!

Get in Touch

3RI team help you to choose right course for your career. Let us know how we can help you.