Python vs PySpark

PySpark is a Python-based API for utilizing the Spark framework in combination with Python. As is frequently said, Spark is a Big Data computational engine, whereas Python is a programming language. This post will discuss the difference between Python and pyspark.

Table of Contents

Python vs PySpark

Difference Between Python and PySpark

PySpark is a Python-based API for utilizing the Spark framework in combination with Python. As is frequently said, Spark is a Big Data computational engine, whereas Python is a programming language. This post will discuss the difference between Python and pyspark.

What is Python?

Python is quickly gaining prominence as the language of choice of a data scientist. Python can help you utilize your data abilities and will undoubtedly propel you forward. Python is an extremely powerful language that is yet quite easy to learn and use. Python is not simply used in data science; it is also used in various other fields such as machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Python is a powerful language with many enticing characteristics such as ease of learning, simplified syntax, improved readability, and the list goes on. It’s an interpreter-based, functional, procedural, and object-oriented computer programming language. Python’s best characteristic is that it is both object-oriented and functional, allowing programmers to think of code as both data and functionality. In other words, any programmer would contemplate resolving a problem using a data structure and an execution of an operation. The object-oriented approach is concerned with a data structure (objects), whereas the functional approach concerns behavior management.

Python Online Training

Why Python? 

• Python is a cross-platform programming language.

• Python offers a straightforward, English-like syntax.

• The syntax of Python allows developers to write shorter programs than some other programming languages.

• Python is an interpreter-based language, such that it may execute instantly once code is written. The prototype may therefore be done in a relatively short time.

• Python may address with one of three methods: linear, object-oriented, or functional.

Want to Upskill to get ahead in your career? Check out the Python Training in Pune.

Want Free Career Counseling?

Just fill in your details, and one of our expert will call you !

What are the advantages of using Python?

Multipurpose, simple to use, and quick to create

Python places a premium on the brevity of code. The language is flexible, well-structured, simple to use and learn, readable, and understandable.

Python’s flexibility makes exploratory data analysis simple – in other words, hunting for needles in a haystack when you’re unsure what the needle is. Python enables you to exploit the advantages of many programming paradigms. It is object-oriented but actively incorporates aspects of functional programming. Learn at 3RI Technologies.

With a thriving community, it’s open-source.

Python is completely free, and you can start creating code in minutes. Python is a painless language to program.

Additionally, the Python programming community is one of the greatest globally – it is highly active and big. Some of the world’s brightest brains in information technology contribute to the language’s development and support forums.

Excellent for prototypes – With less code, you can do more.

Python, as previously said, is a simple language to learn and a lightning-fast development environment. Python allows you to accomplish more with less code, translating into far faster prototyping and testing concepts than other languages. 


Additionally, Python is a productive programming language. Its integration and control features enable programs to run more efficiently. Python is more productive than Java than other languages due to its dynamic typing and concise syntax.

need to enquire for course:

Connect with us

Python’s primary drawbacks

Programmers with experience always advocate using the appropriate tools for the job. It’s helpful to understand both the pros and downsides of Python.

Limitations on speed

Python is an interpreted language. Thus it might be slower than specific other popular programming languages. However, if speed is not your primary concern, Python will suffice.

Threading-related issues

Due to the Global Interpreter Lock, threading in Python is not optimal (GIL). GIL is nothing more than a mutex that imposes a single-thread restriction on execution. As a result, multithreaded CPU-bound algorithms may run slower than single-threaded programs, according to Mateusz Opala, Netguru’s Machine Learning Lead. Fortunately, this issue does have a remedy. – Instead of multithreaded applications, we must develop multiprocessing programs. That is frequently the case when we handle data.

Not adapted for mobile use

Python is not a native language for mobile environments, and some programmers regard it as a poor choice for mobile computing. Python is not an official programming language supported by Android or iOS.

Consumption of memory

Bear in mind that Python consumes a lot of RAM. It may not be the choice for jobs that require a large amount of memory. It might be troublesome if there are a large number of active items in RAM.

Join our Full Stack Course in Pune today and gain in-depth knowledge of Python

What exactly is PySpark?

PySpark is a Python Spark API developed by the Apache Spark group to facilitate Python with Spark. PySpark enables easy integration and manipulation of RDDs in the Python programming language as well. Numerous aspects contribute to PySpark’s outstanding reputation as a framework for working with massive datasets. Data Engineers are increasingly using this tool to do computations on huge datasets or to evaluate them.

PySpark’s Critical Features

• Real-time computations: The PySpark framework is known for its reduced latency due to its in-memory processing.

• Excellent cache and disk persistence: This framework features excellent cache and disk persistence.

• Fast processing: The PySpark framework processes large amounts of data much quicker than other conventional frameworks.

• Python is well-suited for dealing with RDDs since it is dynamically typed.

Do you want to book a FREE Demo Session?

What are the advantages of using PySpark?

Then there are the advantages of utilizing PySpark. Let us discuss them in depth in Spark’s in-memory computing: It helps you enhance the processing speed using in-memory processing. And the greatest part is that the data is cached so that you don’t get data from the disk every time the time is saved. For the unknown, PySpark includes a DAG execution engine, which facilitates the calculation and acyclic flow of data, eventually leading to fast performance.

• Swift Processing: When using PySpark, you will probably obtain approximately ten times quicker data processing performance on the disk and 100 times faster in the memory. It might accomplish by decreasing the number of read-write to disk.

• Natural dynamics: Being dynamic helps you create a parallel application because Spark has 80 high-level operators.

• Fault tolerance in Spark: PySpark enables the use of Spark abstraction-RDD for fault tolerance. The programming language is designed to address the malfunction of any node in the cluster, therefore reducing data loss to zero.

• Real-Time Stream Processing: PySpark is known for real-time stream processing and far better than any other language. Earlier with Hadoop MapReduce, the difficulty was that the data present could manage, but not in real-time. However, this difficulty is greatly minimized using PySpark Streaming.

When is PySpark best used?

The distributed processing capabilities of PySpark are used by data scientists and other Data Analyst professions. And with PySpark, the best thing is that the workflow is unbelievably straightforward as never before. Using PySpark, data scientists in Python may create an analytical application, aggregate and manipulate data, and then provide the aggregated data. There is no argument that PySpark would be utilized in the phases of development and assessment. However, when producing a heat map, things becomes complicated to demonstrate how much the model predicted people’s preferences.

Enroll for Python Web Development Course and learn the Python Skills from Industry Experts

PySpark running

PySpark can dramatically speed up analyzes by allowing local and remote data transformation activities to be easily combined while retaining computer cost control. The language also allows data scientists to avoid vast sampling numbers of data. PySpark is something to consider for activities like constructing a recommendation system or training a machine-learning system. It is also vital for you to benefit from distributed processing, making it easy to add new data kinds to current data sets and integrate share pricing with meteorological data.

PySpark advantages

• Easy to write

We may claim that for basic issues, it is quite easy to develop parallel programming.

• The framework manages mistakes.

While synchronization points and faults are concerned, the framework can easily handle them.

• Algorithms

Many of the useful algorithms in Spark have already been implemented.


Compared with Scala, Python is far superior in the libraries provided. Since there are so many libraries, most of the R-related data science components are translated to Python. Well, in the case of Scala, this does not happen.

Good local tools

There are no proper visualization tools for Scala, although there are nice local tools in Python.

Curve of Learning

In Python, the learning curve is shorter than in Scala.

Facility of usage

Again, Python is easier to use compared to Scala. Check out Python Training in Noida.

PySpark Disadvantages

• It’s hard to express

While expressing an issue in MapReduce way, it’s hard occasionally.

• Under-efficient

Compared with other programming paradigms, pythons are less efficient. For example, like MPI, when a lot of communication is required.

• slow

In principle, Python’s performance is slow compared to Scala for Spark Jobs. About ten times slower. That indicates that Python is slower than Scala if we want to conduct extensive processing.

Meet the industry person, to clear your doubts !

• Immature

In Spark 1.2, Python supports Spark Streaming but is not yet as sophisticated as Scala. So, if we require streaming, we must switch to Scala.

• Spark internal functionality cannot use

Since the entire Spark is built in Scala, thus we must work with Scala if it’s our project that we want to or must modify from the core Spark working; we cannot use Python.

• Machine Learning Spam Detector Project

However, we can comprehend it with an example, however, note that we scan a new RDD with Scala in the Core Spark but do not build it with Python.

Difference between Python and PySpark

LanguageWidely versatile programming language that is frequently used for a variety of tasks like data analysis, automation, and web developing.The Python API for Apache Spark facilitates distributed data processing with Spark, enabling the utilization of Python’s features and functionalities.
Data ProcessingThe single-threaded execution results in limited capability for processing large datasets.Built for distributed data processing, it has the capacity to manage enormous datasets across clusters of computers.
PerformanceThe performance might deteriorate with extensive datasets due to constrained processing power.It provides exceptional performance and scalability, making it particularly well-suited for big data processing tasks.
Ease of UseRenowned for its simplicity and ease of learning, it suits beginners and experienced developers equally well.The learning curve might be challenging for beginners in distributed computing, yet it offers potent features for effectively handling big data.
EcosystemA wide range of libraries and frameworks are available for different types of applications, such as scikit-learn, pandas, and NumPy.Integrates seamlessly with the Apache Spark ecosystem, including Spark SQL, MLlib, and GraphX, enabling advanced analytics and machine learning at scale.
Use CasesExtensively utilized for data analysis, web development, scripting, general-purpose programming, and other uses.Ideal for big data processing, machine learning, real-time analytics, and large-scale data transformations requiring distributed computing capabilities.
ScalabilityLimited scalability for processing large datasets due to single-threaded execution.Able to handle large datasets with efficiency due to its horizontal scalability across distributed computing cluster design.
DeploymentCan be deployed on a single machine or server for small-scale projects.Requires a distributed computing environment such as Apache Spark cluster for optimal performance and scalability.

In summary, while Python is a versatile programming language suitable for various applications, PySpark extends its capabilities for distributed data processing, making it an excellent choice for handling big data tasks efficiently across distributed computing clusters.


Apache Spark is a cluster open-source computing platform centered on performance, ease of use, and streaming analysis, whilst Python is a high-programs language for all purposes. It contains a big library collection and is mainly used to learn machines and stream analytics in real-time.

Looking forward to becoming a Python Developer? Then get certified with Python Online Training

Python Training Offered In Different Locations are

Get in Touch

3RI team help you to choose right course for your career. Let us know how we can help you.